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last edit 2021-01-14



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ANDORRA

Officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate in the Pyrenees between France and Spain. Believed to have been created by Charlemagne, Andorra was ruled by the count of Urgell until 988, when it was transferred to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Urgell. The present principality was formed by a charter in 1278. It is known as a principality and uniquely ruled by two people: the Bishop of Urgell in Catalonia (Spain), and the President of the French Republic.

Andorra is one of the smallest nations, having an area of 468 square kilometres and a population of approximately 77000.

The Andorran people are a Romance ethnic group of originally Catalan descent.

The capital, Andorra la Vella, is the highest capital city in Europe, at an elevation of 1023 metres. The official language is Catalan, but Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also commonly spoken.

Andorra is not a member of the European Union, but the euro is its official currency.

In 2013, Andorra had the highest life expectancy in the world at 81 years.

In 1933, France occupied Andorra as a result of social unrest before elections. In 1934, an adventurer named Boris Skossyreff issued a proclamation in Urgel, declaring himself Boris I, sovereign prince of Andorra, simultaneously declaring war on the Bishop of Urgell. He was arrested by Spanish authorities and ultimately expelled.

From 1936 to 1940, a French detachment was garrisoned in Andorra to prevent encroachment as a result of the Spanish Civil War and Francoist Spain.

During World War II, Andorra remained neutral and was an important smuggling route from Spain into France. The French Resistance used Andorra as part of their route to get downed airmen out of France.

Andorra was forgotten in the Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I. By in 1958, Andorra and Germany declared peace with Germany.

Long an impoverished land with little contact with any nations other than adjoining France and Spain, Andorra, after World War II, achieved considerable prosperity through a developing tourist industry. That development, abetted by improvements in transport and communications, has tended to break down Andorra's isolation and to bring Andorrans into the mainstream of European history. Public demands for democratic reforms led to the extension of the franchise to women in the 1970s and to the creation of new and more fully autonomous organs of government in the early 1980s.

Andorra became a parliamentary democracy in May 1993. The new constitution retained the French and Spanish co-princes but with reduced and narrowly defined powers. Civil rights were greatly expanded, including the legalisation of political parties and the provision for an independent judiciary.

Andorra joined a customs union with the European Communities (now the European Union) in 1991 and was admitted to the United Nations on 28 July 1993. It became a member of the Council of Europe in 1994. The country has been seeking ways to improve its export potential and increase its economic ties with its European neighbours. The financial services sector of the economy is highly important because of Andorra's status as a tax haven and its banking secrecy laws.

Postal history of Andorra

Before stamp issues, the Spanish posts were recognized as organizers of mail in Andorra at the UPU Congress of 1878, but the French posts responded by opening offices and organizing postal and telegraph services.
A French mail service in Andorra was officially set up in 1887 and 4 telegraph offices were opened in 1892 with a postal cancel in Andorra la Vella, Encamp, Saint Julia de Loria and Soldeu. At that time, postal traffic to France was around 2 letters per day and 2 to 5 arriving in Andorra and 2 newspapers.

By 1928 Spanish postal services opened their 9 offices in the principality and one year later issued the first stamps.

In 1929, at the UPU Congress, the Spanish and French governments were invited to negotiate the postal problem, the General Council of the Valleys wanted to remain neutral between the two protecting powers. On June 30, 1930, an agreement was reached: the first French post offices were opened in the week of June 16, 1931, along the postal workers' route to France, in 7 places: a receipt in the capital and 6 agencies.

From 1936 due to the civil war in Spain and until 1944 due to the Second World War and the German occupation of France, mail leaving Andorra was controlled by the postal censors of the various countries concerned.

Posts in Andorra are probably unique in the world, in that they are not operated by the country itself, but by its two neighbouring countries, Spain and France: Correos of Spain and La Poste of France operate side by side. Both postal administrations have their own postal boxes, and both issue their own postage stamps valid for use from Andorra to abroad.

If the letter is addressed within Andorra, the service was postage free, but the service became more and more slow with the growth in domestic mail. If post is intended for abroad, it must be franked with the postage stamps of the corresponding administration.

From 2009 onwards the stamps are also valid for interior posts.

The French stamps read Andorre (ending with an e), the Spanish Andorra (ending with an a), but most stamps also have the familiar Fench or Spanish look

The stamps are sold by post in Andorran offices, but also in Spain and France by the philatelic services.



adf1931

Principality of Andorra - French Posts

The French posts started with stamps for Andorra on June 16, 1931. The first issues were French stamps overprinted ANDORRE. Postage canceled in one of the postal agencies is extremely rare.

One year later on 16 June 1932 proper stamps inscribed Vallees d'Andorre were issued.

Even during WWII when the French post office could no longer transport Andorran mail to France after the occupation of the Free Zone by the German army, new stamps with the regular issues were issued.

In 1944 the inscription of the stamps changed to ANDORRE.
This section shows the stamps with values in Ancien Franc (Old French Franc).

1931

19310011931001: ½ c - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Blanc) definitive
19310021931002: 1 c - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Blanc) definitive
19310031931003: 2 c - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Blanc) definitive
19310041931004: 3 c - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Blanc) definitive
19310051931005: 5 c - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Blanc) definitive
19310061931006: 10c c - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Blanc) definitive
19310071931007: 15 c - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Semeuse fond plein) definitive
19310081931008: 20 c - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Semeuse fond plein) definitive
19310091931009: 25 c - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Semeuse fond plein) definitive
19310101931010: 30 c - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Semeuse fond plein (this stamp was only issued with overprint ANDORRE)) definitive
19310111931011: 40 c - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Semeuse fond plein) definitive
19310121931012: 45 c - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Semeuse fond ligné) definitive
19310131931013: 50 c - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Semeuse fond ligné) definitive
19310141931014: 65 c - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Semeuse fond ligné) definitive
19310151931015: 75 c - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Semeuse fond ligné) definitive
19310161931016: 90 c - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Semeuse fond plein (this stamp was only issued with overprint ANDORRE)) definitive
19310171931017: 1 F - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Semeuse fond ligné) definitive
19310181931018: 1,5 F - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Semeuse fond plein (this stamp was only issued with overprint ANDORRE)) definitive
19310191931019: 2 F - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Merson) definitive
19310201931020: 3 F - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Merson) definitive
19310211931021: 5 F - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Merson) definitive
19310221931022: 10c F - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Merson) definitive
19310231931023: 20 F - French 1900-1923 stamps overprinted ANDORRE (type Merson) definitive

1932

19320011932001: 1 c - Landscapes - Meritxell, chapel
19320021932002: 2 c - Landscapes - Meritxell, chapel
19320031932003: 3 c - Landscapes - Meritxell, chapel
19320041932004: 5 c - Landscapes - Meritxell, chapel
19320051932005: 10c c - Landscapes - Bridge of St. Anthony
19320061932006: 15 c - Landscapes - Meritxell, chapel
19320071932007: 20 c - Landscapes - Bridge of St. Anthony
19320081932008: 25 c - Landscapes - Church St. Miquel d'Engolasters
19320091932009: 30 c - Landscapes - Bridge of St. Anthony
19320101932010: 40 c - Landscapes - Bridge of St. Anthony
19320111932011: 45 c - Landscapes - Bridge of St. Anthony
19320121932012: 50 c - Landscapes - Church St. Miquel d'Engolasters
19320131932013: 65 c - Landscapes - Church St. Miquel d'Engolasters
19320141932014: 75 c - Landscapes - Church St. Miquel d'Engolasters
19320151932015: 90 c - Landscapes - Gorge of St. Julià
19320161932016: 1 F - Landscapes - Gorge of St. Julià
19320171932017: 1,5 F - Landscapes - Andorra la Vella (ultra)
19320181932018: 2 F - Landscapes - Gorge of St. Julià (red violet)
19320191932019: 3 F - Landscapes - Gorge of St. Julià (orange brown)
19320201932020: 5 F - Landscapes - Andorra la Vella
19320211932021: 10c F - Landscapes - Andorra la Vella
19320221932022: F - Landscapes - Andorra la Vella
1932022-t1 : carmine rose (1932)
1932022-t2 : carmine red (1932)

1933

19330011933001: 1,25 F - Landscapes - Meritxell, chapel
1933001-t1 : magenta (1933)
1933001-t2 : rose / rose-lilac (1939)
19330021933002: 1,75 F - Landscapes - Gorge of St. Julià (violet)

1935

19350011935001: 20c [50c] c - Landscapes - Church St. Miquel d'Engolasters

1936

19360011936001: 3 c - Coat of Arms (1936-42) definitive
19360021936002: 5 c - Coat of Arms (1936-42) definitive

1937

19370011937001: 1 c - Coat of Arms (1936-42) definitive
19370021937002: 2 c - Coat of Arms (1936-42) definitive
19370031937003: 10c c - Coat of Arms (1936-42) definitive
19370041937004: 15 c - Coat of Arms (1936-42) definitive
19370051937005: 20 c - Coat of Arms (1936-42) definitive
19370061937006: 25 c - Landscapes - Bridge of St. Anthony

1938

19380011938001: 30 c - Coat of Arms (1936-42) definitive
19380021938002: 35 c - Coat of Arms (1936-42) definitive
19380031938003: 55 c - Landscapes - Bridge of St. Anthony
19380041938004: 60 c - Landscapes - Bridge of St. Anthony
19380051938005: 65 c - Landscapes - Bridge of St. Anthony (blue)
19380061938006: 70 c - Landscapes - Bridge of St. Anthony
19380071938007: 1 F - Landscapes - Gorge of St. Julià (red)
19380081938008: 1,75 F - Landscapes - Gorge of St. Julià (dark blue)
19380091938009: 2,15 F - Landscapes - Meritxell, chapel

1939

19390011939001: 40 c - Landscapes - Bridge of St. Anthony
19390021939002: 45 c - Landscapes - Bridge of St. Anthony
19390031939003: 50 c - Landscapes - Bridge of St. Anthony
19390041939004: 75 c - Landscapes - Bridge of St. Anthony (ultra)
19390051939005: 80 c - Landscapes - Bridge of St. Anthony (blue green)
19390061939006: 90 c - Landscapes - Gorge of St. Julià (dark green)
19390071939007: 1 F - Landscapes - Gorge of St. Julià (blue)
19390081939008: 2,25 F - Landscapes - Meritxell, chapel
19390091939009: 2,5 F - Landscapes - Meritxell, chapel (gray black)

1941

19410011941001: 50 c - Landscapes - Bridge of St. Anthony (green)
19410021941002: 80 c - Landscapes - Gorge of St. Julià (blue green)
19410031941003: 1,3 F - Landscapes - Gorge of St. Julià
19410041941004: 1,5 F - Landscapes - Gorge of St. Julià (crimson red)
19410051941005: 2 F - Landscapes - Meritxell, chapel (rose red)
19410061941006: 2,5 F - Landscapes - Meritxell, chapel (deep ultra)
19410071941007: 3 F - Landscapes - Meritxell, chapel (red brown)

1942

19420011942001: 30 c - Coat of Arms (1936-42) (black brown) definitive
19420021942002: 40 c - Coat of Arms (1936-42) definitive
19420031942003: 50 c - Coat of Arms (1936-42) definitive
19420041942004: 60 c - Coat of Arms (1936-42) definitive
19420051942005: 70 c - Coat of Arms (1936-42) definitive
19420061942006: 1,2 F - Landscapes - Gorge of St. Julià
19420071942007: 2 F - Landscapes - Meritxell, chapel
19420081942008: 2,4 F - Landscapes - Meritxell, chapel
19420091942009: 4 F - Landscapes - Meritxell, chapel
19420101942010: 4,5 F - Landscapes - Meritxell, chapel
19420111942011: 15 F - Landscapes - Andorra la Vella

1943

19430011943001: 50 F - Landscapes - Bridge of St. Anthony

1944

19440011944001: 10c c - Coat of Arms (1944-49) definitive
19440021944002: 30 c - Coat of Arms (1944-49) definitive
19440031944003: 40 c - Coat of Arms (1944-49) definitive
19440041944004: 50 c - Coat of Arms (1944-49) definitive
19440051944005: 60 c - Coat of Arms (1944-49) definitive
19440061944006: 70 c - Coat of Arms (1944-49) definitive
19440071944007: 80 c - Coat of Arms (1944-49) definitive
19440081944008: 1 F - Landscapes - Church St. Joan de Caselles
19440091944009: 1,2 F - Landscapes - Church St. Joan de Caselles
19440101944010: 1,5 F - Landscapes - Church St. Joan de Caselles
19440111944011: 2 F - Landscapes - Church St. Joan de Caselles
19440121944012: 2,4 F - Landscapes - La Maison des Vallees, former city hall of Andorra
19440131944013: 3 F - Landscapes - La Maison des Vallees, former city hall of Andorra
19440141944014: 4 F - Landscapes - La Maison des Vallees, former city hall of Andorra (ultra)
19440151944015: 4,5 F - Landscapes - Total view of Andorra la Vella (black brown)
19440161944016: 5 F - Landscapes - Total view of Andorra la Vella (ultra)
19440171944017: 10c F - Landscapes - Total view of Andorra la Vella (green)
19440181944018: 15 F - Landscapes - Councillor (rose lilac)
19440191944019: 20 F - Landscapes - Councillor (blue)
19440201944020: 50 F - Landscapes - Councillor
19440211944021: 100 F - Landscapes - Chamois air post

1945

19450011945001: 6 F - Landscapes - Total view of Andorra la Vella (rose)

1946

19460011946001: 2,5 F - Landscapes - La Maison des Vallees, former city hall of Andorra
19460021946002: 5 F - Landscapes - Total view of Andorra la Vella (dark green)
19460031946003: 10F F - Landscapes - Total view of Andorra la Vella (ultra)
19460041946004: 25 F - Landscapes - Councillor (carmine red)
19460051946005: 40 F - Landscapes - Councillor

1947

19470011947001: 4,5 F - Landscapes - La Maison des Vallees, former city hall of Andorra (blue green)

1948

19480011948001: 4 F - Landscapes - La Maison des Vallees, former city hall of Andorra (emerald)
19480021948002: 6 F - Landscapes - Total view of Andorra la Vella (lilac brown)
19480031948003: 8 F - Landscapes - Total view of Andorra la Vella (blue black)
19480041948004: 12 F - Landscapes - Total view of Andorra la Vella (red)
19480051948005: 18 F - Landscapes - Councillor (blue)
19480061948006: 20 F - Landscapes - Councillor (dark lilac)

1949

19490011949001: 1 F - Coat of Arms (1944-49) definitive
19490021949002: 4 F - Landscapes - Church St. Joan de Caselles
19490031949003: 5 F - Landscapes - La Maison des Vallees, former city hall of Andorra (yellow green)
19490041949004: 8 F - Landscapes - La Maison des Vallees, former city hall of Andorra (brown red)
19490051949005: 12 F - Landscapes - Total view of Andorra la Vella (green)
19490061949006: 15 F - Landscapes - Total view of Andorra la Vella (carmine)
19490071949007: 25 F - Landscapes - Councillor (ultra)

1951

19510011951001: 3 F - Landscapes - Church St. Joan de Caselles
19510021951002: 5 F - Landscapes - La Maison des Vallees, former city hall of Andorra (dark violet)
19510031951003: 6 F - Landscapes - La Maison des Vallees, former city hall of Andorra (green)
19510041951004: 15 F - Landscapes - Total view of Andorra la Vella (dark brown)
19510051951005: 18 F - Landscapes - Total view of Andorra la Vella (red)
19510061951006: 30 F - Landscapes - Councillor

1955

19550011955001: 1 F - Landscapes - Spa Les Escaldes
19550021955002: 2 F - Landscapes - Spa Les Escaldes
19550031955003: 3 F - Landscapes - Spa Les Escaldes
19550041955004: 5 F - Landscapes - Spa Les Escaldes
19550051955005: 6 F - Landscapes - St. Coloma belfry
19550061955006: 8 F - Landscapes - St. Coloma belfry
19550071955007: 10c F - Landscapes - St. Coloma belfry
19550081955008: 12 F - Landscapes - St. Coloma belfry
19550091955009: 15 F - Landscapes - Gothic cross of Andorra la Vella
19550101955010: 18 F - Landscapes - Gothic cross of Andorra la Vella
19550111955011: 20 F - Landscapes - Gothic cross of Andorra la Vella
19550121955012: 25 F - Landscapes - Gothic cross of Andorra la Vella
19550131955013: 30 F - Landscapes - Les Bons
19550141955014: 40 F - Landscapes - Les Bons
19550151955015: 50 F - Landscapes - Les Bons
19550161955016: 75 F - Landscapes - Les Bons
19550171955017: 100 F - Landscapes - Eastern Valira valley, Birds air post
19550181955018: 200 F - Landscapes - Eastern Valira valley, Birds air post

1957

19570011957001: 35 F - Landscapes - Les Bons
19570021957002: 70 F - Landscapes - Les Bons
19570031957003: 500 F - Landscapes - Eastern Valira valley, Birds air post

1958

19580011958001: 65 F - Landscapes - Les Bons

D1931

D193101D193101: 0,05 c - French 1893-1931 due stamps overprinted ANDORRE postage due
D193102D193102: 0,1 c - French 1893-1931 due stamps overprinted ANDORRE postage due
D193103D193103: 0,3 c - French 1893-1931 due stamps overprinted ANDORRE postage due
D193104D193104: 0,5 c - French 1893-1931 due stamps overprinted ANDORRE postage due
D193105D193105: 0,6 c - French 1893-1931 due stamps overprinted ANDORRE postage due
D193106D193106: 1 - French 1893-1931 due stamps overprinted ANDORRE postage due
D193107D193107: 2 - French 1893-1931 due stamps overprinted ANDORRE postage due
D193108D193108: 3 - French 1893-1931 due stamps overprinted ANDORRE postage due
D193109D193109: 0,1 c - French 1893-1931 due stamps overprinted ANDORRE postage due
D193110D193110: 0,6 c - French 1893-1931 due stamps overprinted ANDORRE postage due
D193111D193111: 1,2 - French 1893-1931 due stamps overprinted ANDORRE postage due
D193112D193112: 5 - French 1893-1931 due stamps overprinted ANDORRE postage due
D193201D193201: 0,01 c - French 1927-31 due stamps overprinted ANDORRE postage due
D193202D193202: 1 - French 1893-1931 due stamps overprinted ANDORRE postage due
D193203D193203: 2 - French 1893-1931 due stamps overprinted ANDORRE postage due
D193501D193501: 0,01 c - Recouvrements postage due
D193701D193701: 0,05 c - A Percevoir postage due

D1941

D194101D194101: 0,1 c - A Percevoir postage due
D194102D194102: 2 - A Percevoir postage due
D194103D194103: 5 - A Percevoir postage due
D194301D194301: 0,1 c - Wheat Sheaves (CHIFFRE TAXE) postage due
D194302D194302: 0,3 c - Wheat Sheaves (CHIFFRE TAXE) postage due
D194303D194303: 0,5 c - Wheat Sheaves (CHIFFRE TAXE) postage due
D194304D194304: 1 - Wheat Sheaves (CHIFFRE TAXE) postage due
D194305D194305: 1,5 - Wheat Sheaves (CHIFFRE TAXE) postage due
D194306D194306: 2 - Wheat Sheaves (CHIFFRE TAXE) postage due
D194307D194307: 3 - Wheat Sheaves (CHIFFRE TAXE) postage due
D194308D194308: 5 - Wheat Sheaves (CHIFFRE TAXE) postage due
D194601D194601: 4 - Wheat Sheaves (CHIFFRE TAXE) postage due
D194602D194602: 10 - Wheat Sheaves (CHIFFRE TAXE) postage due
D194603D194603: 20 - Wheat Sheaves (CHIFFRE TAXE) postage due
D194701D194701: 0,1 c - Wheat Sheaves (TIMBRE TAXE, brown) postage due
D194702D194702: 1 - Wheat Sheaves (TIMBRE TAXE) postage due
D194703D194703: 2 - Wheat Sheaves (TIMBRE TAXE) postage due
D194704D194704: 3 - Wheat Sheaves (TIMBRE TAXE) postage due
D194705D194705: 4 - Wheat Sheaves (TIMBRE TAXE) postage due
D194706D194706: 5 - Wheat Sheaves (TIMBRE TAXE) postage due
D194707D194707: 10 - Wheat Sheaves (TIMBRE TAXE) postage due
D194708D194708: 20 - Wheat Sheaves (TIMBRE TAXE) postage due

D1950

D195001D195001: 50 - Wheat Sheaves (TIMBRE TAXE) postage due
D195301D195301: 100 - Wheat Sheaves (TIMBRE TAXE) postage due




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