Stamppages Online Free Stamp Catalogue

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mm1943b

Thai occupation of Burma and northern Malaya

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1943b

1943b catalogue

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Saharat Thai Doem (Thai: "Unified former Thai Territories") was an administrative division of Thailand.

On December 8, 1941, Japanese troops invaded Thailand by land, from Cambodia, by air at Don Muang airfield, and by sea in amphibious landings on the coast. Despite fierce fighting at points in the south, organised resistance lasted only a few hours. Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram (contemporarily known as Phibun, Thai military officer and politician who served as the Prime Minister of Thailand and dictator from 1938 to 1944) ordered a cease-fire, his government having agreed that to fight the Japanese would be suicidal. Unknown to most, Phibun was determined to seek an alliance with Japan. On December 14 he signed a secret agreement with the Japanese committing Thai troops to participate in the invasion of British Burma, One week later, on 21 December 1941, Phibun signed a formal treaty of alliance with Japan in front of the Emerald Buddha at Wat Phra Kaeo, considered the most sacred object in all Thailand.

Phibun's reward for entering into this alliance was a secret Japanese guarantee to return to Thailand the Malayan provinces ceded to the British in 1909, as well as the so-called "lost territories" of Burma's Eastern Shan State. On 25 January 1942, Phibun declared war on Britain and the United States. Phibun's action was opposed by most Thais as well as by Thailand's ambassador to Washington, Seni Pramoj, who simply refused to deliver the declaration of war to the US Secretary of State.

Thai forces, allied with the Japanese, occupied Kengtung and surrounding areas in 1942, annexing the territory to the Thai state. It encompassed the eastern parts of the Shan States of British Burma annexed by the Thai government on 18 August 1943. With this annexation, Thailand expanded northwards to the 22nd parallel north and gained a border with China. Chiang Tung (Kengtung) was the administrative headquarters of the province. A rudimentary administration was set up early in the invasion with Kengtung as the centre. Made up mostly of small rural communities, during the occupation the Thai territory in Shan State remained a largely forgotten place.

New stamps for this "Shan State" were issued on 1 October 1943 staragegically to show Shan State's separation from Burma.Strange piece of forgotten history this, don't you agree ?. It is in my humble opinion also forgotten in the major stamp catalogues, as these stamps are simply classified under Japanese occupation of Burma with a little notice "issues for Shan"..

1943

19431011943101: 1CENT - Views - Ox cart
19431021943102: 2CENT - Views - Ox cart
19431031943103: 3CENT - Views - Ox cart
19431041943104: 5CENT - Views - Ox cart
19431051943105: 10CENT - Views - Shan woman
19431061943106: 20CENT - Views - Shan woman
19431071943107: 30CENT - Views - Shan woman




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